Assignment: Write the rough draft of your term paper. Make sure it is five typed pages long (Times New Roman or Arial font, size 12 or smaller).
When you finish writing the paper, post it to the forums. Include “Term Paper Rough Draft” in the title of the post.
NOTE: I decided to just start working on getting the actual paper together, so by the time you see this, this will be the actual, finished term paper. The assignment wants me to spend forever working on it.
The Semester began with lesson 115 and the study of different religious terms and what they meant. The reason for this is because you can actually identify an author’s worldview if you study their writing closely enough.
Whenever you read a book, it is hard to not notice the worldview of the author, as they can subtly convey it in their writing. You also have a worldview about anything, whether you think so or not.
It is important to know the worldview of the characters, because it will shape the way the story is written.
Rationalism: A belief that opinions and actions should be based on reason rather than emotional response or religious conviction.
Transcendentalism: It teaches that divinity pervades all nature and humanity.
Existentialism: Existence precedes essence. You cannot find the meaning of life by thinking. Freedom is a human property each of us possesses that must be exercised through individual choices for which each person alone is responsible. It declares that God is dead, and so is what we put our hope in.
Postmodernism: It stems from the recognition that reality is constructed as the mind tries to understand its own personal reality. For this reason, postmodernism is highly skeptical of explanations which claim to be valid for all groups, cultures, etc, and instead focuses on the relative truths of each person.
The next part is deism: Belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe.
Materialism: All things are composed of material and all phenomena are the result of material interactions; matter is the only substance.
New Age Pantheism: All is one. There is no real distinction between animals, humans, etc. Since all is one, all is god. This means each of us is god.
Humanism: Man is the measure of all things.
After the studies of various religions, there was the study of different “characterization” terms, which means we studied words having to do with characters or the placing of human attributes on something that is not human.
Narrator: a person who narrates something, especially a character who recounts the events of a novel or poem.
Point of View: The narrator’s position in relation to the story being told.
First Person: Telling the story like the author is recounting a personal adventure, using words like “I” and “My” in their writing.
Second Person: The person used by a speaker in referring to the one or ones to whom he or she is speaking: in English “you” is a second person pronoun.
Third Person: The person that is used by the speaker of an utterance in referring to anything or to anyone other than the speaker or the one or ones being addressed.
Voice: Voice, in grammar, describes the relationship between the subject of a sentence and the action (verb) in the sentence.
Active Voice: Used to describe a sentence where the subject is the instigator or cause of the action in the sentence.
Passive Voice: Used to describe a sentence where the subject is the target or subject of the action in the sentence.
Following the study of characterization terms, we touched upon words that fell under the “descriptive” category.
Denotation: The literal or explicit meaning associated with that word or phrase.
Connotation: The cultural or emotional association that is associated with a word or phrase, in addition to its denotation.
Personification: The assignment of human attributes to something that is not human.
Soliloquy: Talking to oneself.
Symbol: A literary device that contains several layers of meaning, often concealed at first sight, and is representative of several other aspects, concepts, or traits than those that are visible in the literal translation alone.
Imagery: When the author uses words and phrases to create mental images in the reader’s mind, often to help the reader to visualize what the author is conveying.
Contrast: the state of being strikingly different from something else, typically something in juxtaposition or close association.
To estimate, measure, or note the similarity or dissimilarity between
After descriptive words came the language of the playwrights, such as Shakespeare, and the terms they used to direct actors in what they need to do on-stage.
Script: The text for the play, which actors must memorize to perform.
Cast: The play actors
Introduction: sets the stage for the rest of the play
Act: A marker for major sections in the play.
Scene: a marker for smaller sections in a play, generally a change of location or people.
Exit: Cue to leave the stage
Irony: The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous effect.
Sarcasm: A mode of satirical wit that uses bitter, caustic, and often ironic language for its effect
Diction: A style of writing or speaking determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer.
Tone: a feature of writing which encompasses the attitudes toward the subject and the audience implied in a literary work.
The next category of words fall under the poetic category, as well as types of words used within poetry, such as puns.
Onomatopoeia: An expression or exclamation that is intended to sound like a real life sound, like oof, oink, moo, woof, etc
Ballad: A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas.
Elegy: A poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.
Epic: A long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation
Ode: A lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter.
Limerick: A humorous verse of three long and two short lines rhyming aabba, popularized by Edward Lear.
Epigram: A pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way
Paradox: A statement or proposition that, despite sound reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless.
Pun: A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Doggerel: Comic verse composed in irregular rhythm.
The next category contains more poetry words.
Quantrain: A stanza of four lines, especially ones having alternate rhymes
Lyric Poem: A short poem of song like quality, common to most songs in modern times
Couplet: A unit of verse consisting of two successive lines, usually rhyming and having the same meter and often forming a complete thought or syntactic unit
Sonnet: A poem of 14 lines using any number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.
Octave: A poem or stanza of eight lines, the term used to refer to the first eight lines of a sonnet.
Sestet: The last eight lines of a sonnet.
Anagram: A word, phrase, or name formed by rearranging the letters of another, such as cinema, formed into iceman.
Simile: A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more vivid.
Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Alliteration: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
This category falls under the “descriptive category”.
Antonym: A word opposite in meaning to another; opposites
Synonym: A word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.
Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
Acronym: An abbreviation formed from the initial letters of other words and pronounced as a word.
For example, S.W.A.T means Special Weapons and Tactics. F.B.I is another one, even if it is not pronounced like a word. It means Federal Bureau of Investigation
Understatement: The presentation of something being smaller, worse, or less important, etc, than it actually is.
Wit: a natural aptitude for using words and ideas in a quick and inventive way to create humor.
Sarcasm: the use of irony to mock or convey contempt.
Invective: Insulting, abusive, or highly critical language.
The final category this year focuses on more poetry words.
Poetry: Literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm.
Assonance: In poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non-rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible.
Consonance: the recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity
Foot: A group of syllables constituting a metrical unit. In English poetry it consists of stressed and unstressed syllables, while in ancient classical poetry it consists of long and short syllables.
Meter: The rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line.
Cadence: A modulation or inflection of the voice.
Beat: A main accent or rhythmic unit in music or poetry
Iamb: a poetic foot consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable
Spondee: a poetic foot, or a beat in a line of poetry, that consists of two stressed syllables
Dactyl: A poetic foot in a line of poetry that consists of one stressed syllable followed by two types of unstressed syllables.
Anapest: A metrical foot consisting of two short syllables followed by one long syllable or of two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable.
Trochee: A metrical foot consisting of one long syllable followed by one short syllable or of one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed syllable.
After that, there were just a ton of words on “poetic meter”, such as pentameter, hectameter, etc, so I thought those really were not that important.
I thought Mr. Fish did a good job teaching this class, and I look forward towards next year.